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Mbabane City

Kingdom of Eswatini

The Kingdom of Eswatini is a land-locked country to the east of South Africa. It is almost entirely surrounded by the larger country, but also shares a border with Mozambique. eSwatini is mountainous in the west, dropping via uplands and valleys to lowlands in the east. 

Key facts

  • Region: Africa
  • Population: 1.1 million (2018) 
  • Area: 17,400 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Mbabane (administrative and judicial capital), Lobamba (legislative capital) 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1968, following independence from Britain 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 38 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for the Kingdom of eSwatini 

Elections support 

The Commonwealth Human Rights Unit helped the eSwatini Commission on Human Rights and Public Administration build skills to observe and report on elections. The Commission monitored elections in eSwatini in August 2018. 


The Secretariat helped staff at eSwatini’s Directorate on Corruption and Economic Offences build skills to fight corruption. Areas covered included prevention, investigation, prosecution and education. 

In May 2017 and again in 2018, the Commonwealth helped eSwatini share understanding and experiences of successful projects with other anti-corruption agencies in the Africa region. 

Public institutions 

The Secretariat gave the eSwatini government advice on public finance and managing risks. It made progress on transparency, fairness and value for money when buying goods and services.  

Natural resources 

The Secretariat helped eSwatini reform its mining and petroleum sector. It gave advice on licences for processing and refining, and increasing government income from the sector. It also helped with laws and regulations to put the Mines and Minerals Act 2011 into operation. 

Climate change 

In February 2018, the Secretariat helped eSwatini learn to use its Climate Finance Access Hub. 

Connectivity Agenda 

eSwatini is a member of the Regulatory Connectivity cluster of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform. 

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