Home >Member countries >Papua New Guinea
Photo of Moresby

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea is an island country that lies in the south-western Pacific. It includes the eastern half of New Guinea and many small offshore islands. Its neighbours include Indonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east. It is mainly mountainous but has low-lying plains in southern New Guinea. The country has several active volcanoes. 

Key facts

  • Region: Pacific
  • Population: 8.6 million (2018) 
  • Area: 463,000 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Port Moresby 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1975, following independence from Australia-administered UN trusteeship 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 32 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for Papua New Guinea 

Elections support 

The Commonwealth observed elections in Papua New Guinea in June and July 2017. After the elections, it helped the country prepare strategies to make future elections more fair, trusted and inclusive. 

The Commonwealth Elections Professionals Initiative helped Papua New Guinea build skills in elections management. 

Debt management 

Papua New Guinea has used the Secretariat's debt management system to collect better data on its public debt.

Natural resources 

The Secretariat worked with Papua New Guinea to manage income from its natural resources. It helped the country learn about laws, policies, contracts and taxation in this area. 

The Secretariat helped the government build skills to manage its sovereign wealth fund (a state-owned investment fund used to benefit a country’s economy and citizens).  

It also helped the government to prepare to negotiate with the International Seabed Authority (ISA). 

Connectivity Agenda

Papua New Guinea is a member of the Physical, Digital, Regulatory and Supply Side Connectivity clusters of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform.

Papua New Guinea in the Commonwealth 

In 2012, the Commonwealth Youth Ministers Meeting was hosted by Papua New Guinea. 

Find out more