In 2015, the baton was exchanged between the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Goal 5 of the 17 SDGs aims for gender equality and empowerment for all women and girls. In simple terms, the mission is to nurture the enabling environment where women, both young and old, have the opportunity to pursue their aspirations without fear, hindrance or discrimination.
This year’s Commonwealth Women’s Affairs Ministers Meeting (WAMM) is focusing on “Gender equality through sustainable development in an inclusive Commonwealth”. The 2013 WAMM Meeting Outcomes report acknowledged that gender equality remained a challenge for many countries as at 2013, two years prior to the deadline for the MDGs. It is therefore worthwhile that this year’s discussions focus on gender equality to brainstorm the way forward.
The World Bank Group Gender Strategy for 2016-2023 is focused on improving human endowments for women―health, education, and social protection; removing constraints for more and better jobs; removing barriers to women’s ownership of and control over assets; and enhancing women’s voice and agency. It has also been identified that there should be better country-level diagnostics, policy dialogue, and sex-disaggregated data.
In Ghana, the 2015 MDGs Report recorded significant advancement in achieving gender disparity in education. It was also reported that women were still under-represented in wage employment in non-agricultural sectors and political decision-making processes, and opportunities were more favorable for urban women than rural women, as well as young people with secondary education or better. Some major concerns were:
What should then be the priorities in the Commonwealth? The challenges and conditions in Ghana may not be exactly the same in other member countries. Nevertheless, at the core, gender equality has some basic cross-cutting elements. An example of this is education. This is a key priority that can be harnessed to advance gender equality: formal education, and technical vocational education and training. Education can be compared to the heart, providing life support to the other SDGs goals.
The World Bank recounted that although global engagement in promotion of gender equality was strengthened significantly over the years, donor financial commitments have not kept pace with political commitments. There is a gap in financing these ambitious projects, hence there is a need to brainstorm to devise smart-financing tactics. There should also be a focus on research to provide data to inform decision-making.
The story of Dr. Tererai Trent of Zimbabwe is an inspiration and a reminder about how education contributes to women empowerment and breaking of gender barriers. Tererai is a crusader for education, and she is a role model today, but in the beginning her story was not that auspicious: she was a cattle herder who married young and by age 18 had three children and no high school certificate. However, her story changed when she got an education. It can be said that education was the arrow that poked the giant in her to wake up to greatness. Education brought her the needed empowerment and without it she would not be where she is today. If we want to see more of Tererai Trent’s, we have to take action to improve the educational attainment of women and girls.
During this year’s Commonwealth Day celebration, it was acknowledged that every person is different, and each has something unique to offer. Women also have something very unique to offer and this cannot be substituted by men. It is only when all disparity dissipates that we are well positioned for prosperity.