Small states are sovereign countries with a population of 1.5 million people or fewer. There are 31 small states in the Commonwealth.
As members of the Commonwealth, small states have an equal voice. It enables them to take part in international decision-making on issues that affect them, such as climate change.
With limited resources, small states face many challenges, including:
Some larger countries - Botswana, Jamaica, Lesotho, Namibia and Papua New Guinea - are classified as small states as they share similar characteristics.