Landscape of Pakistan

Pakistan : History

Pakistan lies to the north-west of India. Its other neighbours are China, Afghanistan and Iran. It borders the Arabian Sea to the south. Pakistan has a varied climate and geography. It has vast mountain ranges in the north and an area of desert in the west. The Indus River plain in the centre and east is fertile and has many lakes. 

Key facts

  • Regions: Asia
  • Population: 212 million (2018) 
  • Area: 882,000 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Islamabad 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1947, on partition from India; left in 1972, rejoined in 1989 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 42 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for Pakistan 


The Secretariat helped Pakistan improve its management of elections and election laws. One aim was to increase women’s participation.  

In 2019, Commonwealth representatives visited Pakistan. They met with officials and helped strengthen the security of online election tools and databases. 

Human rights 

The Secretariat helped Pakistan build good relationships between local human rights organisations, politicians and business leaders. 


The Secretariat Youth Programme helped Pakistan build partnerships between young people, businesses, academics and the government. The aim was to increase youth employment and encourage young people to set up businesses. Pakistan committed to establish a Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship Research Centre at the Superior University Lahore. 

Connectivity Agenda 

Pakistan is a member of the Physical and Digital Connectivity clusters of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform. 

Blue Charter

Pakistan is a member of the Mangrove Ecosystems and Livelihoods Action Group.

Pakistan in the Commonwealth

Mohammed Hanif won the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize Best First Book award in 2009. 

In July 2019, Ata Ul Haq won a Commonwealth Innovation for Sustainable Development Award for her work in promoting women’s empowerment and peace.  

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