Anibare boat harbour, Nauru

Nauru : History

Nauru is a small coral island in the south-west Pacific Ocean. It sits about 1,300 kilometres to the north-east of Solomon Islands. Phosphate mining has left the island interior almost entirely barren. There is a fertile coastal strip, where most people live. Nauru is surrounded by coral reef.

Key facts

  • Region: Pacific 
  • Population: 13,000 (2018) 
  • Area: 21 square kilometres 
  • Capital: No official capital, government offices in the district of Yaren 
  • President: Lionel Aingimea 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1968, as an associate member on attaining full independence (former UN trust territory); full member since 1999 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: lack of adequate data 

Secretariat support for Nauru 

Elections support 

The Commonwealth Election Professionals (CEP) Initiative helped Nauru review its practice and processes to conduct fair and trusted elections.  

In 2019, the Commonwealth helped Nauru’s electoral management body learn about encouraging women’s participation in elections. 

Human rights 

At a working session in April 2019, the Commonwealth helped Nauru build skills to report on human rights in the country under the United Nation’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process. 

Sustainable development 

In July 2018, the Commonwealth helped Nauru’s mining sector to engage with the International Seabed Authority (ISA). In February 2019, it helped Nauru learn about the ISA’s payment system. 


In 2018, the Commonwealth helped Nauru improve its connections with trading partners. The country found out about reducing physical barriers to trade – for example, by improving infrastructure. 

Blue Charter

Nauru is a member of the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance – the Blue Charter Action Group on tackling marine plastic pollution.

Connectivity Agenda

Nauru is a member of the Digital and Supply Side Connectivity cluster of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform.

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