City of Maputo

Mozambique : Constitution and politics

Mozambique is a south-east African country with a long coastline bordering the Indian Ocean. Its neighbours are the United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and eSwatini. It has mountains to the interior. These fall to coastal hills and plains via a broad plateau. It has beaches, coral reefs and several islands. 

Key facts

  • Region: Africa
  • Population: 29 million (2018) 
  • Area: 799,000 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Maputo  
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1995, following its first democratic elections 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 49 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for Mozambique 

Countering violent extremism 

The Secretariat is helping Mozambique to build skills to tackle extremist views. 


At a workshop in Botswana in June 2019, the Secretariat helped Mozambique learn about how to better manage its education system. 

The Commonwealth Girls’ Education Fund is considering funding for applicants from Mozambique. 

Natural resources 

At a workshop in Accra, Ghana, the Commonwealth helped Mozambique learn about how best to run deep-sea mining. Topics included how to manage finance and the legal situation. 


In March 2018, in Durban, South Africa, the Secretariat helped Mozambique to improve connections with trading partners. This included looking at how to reduce the physical barriers to trade – for example, by improving infrastructure. 

Blue Charter

Mozambique is a member of the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance – the Blue Charter Action Group on tackling marine plastic pollution.

Mozambique in the Commonwealth 

Graça Machel is a former Chairperson of the Commonwealth Foundation. 

Find out more