The shore and a church in Malta

Malta : History

Malta is a small island country in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea. Its closest neighbours are Sicily, to the north, and Libya and Tunisia on the North African coast, to the south and west respectively. Malta is made up of an archipelago of islands, the 3 largest of which are inhabited. The islands are mainly low, rocky and flat. Malta has many coastal cliffs. 

Key facts

  • Region: Europe
  • Population: 485,000 (2018) 
  • Area: 315 square kilometres 
  • Capital: Valletta 
  • Joined Commonwealth: 1964, following independence from Britain 
  • Commonwealth Youth Index: 5 out of 49 countries 

Secretariat support for Malta 

Human rights 

In February and June 2018, the Commonwealth Small States Office in Geneva helped Malta engage with UN organisations.  

The Secretariat advised on building skills to improve Malta’s participation in the United Nation’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process.


The Secretariat helped Malta improve expertise and qualifications in youth work. It also helped build youth work skills and practice. 


The Secretariat helped Malta sign and start using agreements with other countries to make its trade more competitive. 

Small states 

A Secretariat expert worked with the Government of Malta to help it set up its Small States Centre of Excellence. The centre was launched in April 2018. It helps build skills and partnerships among small states. 

Blue Charter 

Malta is a member of the Marine Protected Areas, Ocean Acidification, Ocean and Climate Change, Ocean Observation and Sustainable Coastal Fisheries Action Groups. 

Connectivity Agenda 

Malta is a member of the Physical and Digital Connectivity clusters of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda. The Connectivity Agenda is a platform for countries to exchange best practices and experiences to trade and investment and undertake domestic reform. 

Malta in the Commonwealth 

Malta hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in 2015. 

The Commonwealth Network of Information Technology for Development (COMNET-IT) has its secretariat in Valletta. COMNET-IT has championed the development of the Commonwealth Action Programme for the Digital Divide. 

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