Australia : Travel

Traveller information

Immigration and customs: 

Visas are required by all Commonwealth nationals. Visitors must declare all food, plant material and animal products on arrival in Australia to ensure they are free of pests and diseases; any items that pose pest and disease risks will be destroyed.

Travel within the country: 

Driving is on the left. Visitors may drive on a national licence for a maximum of three months, although an international driving permit is needed by all those whose official language is not English. Drink-driving is illegal and the wearing of seatbelts is mandatory.

There are good cross-country coach services, although flying is the most common way of travelling around the country. Rail travel is slow and expensive. There is a twice-weekly train service that travels from Sydney to Perth and takes three days. Another service links Adelaide with Perth and runs weekly in each direction; journey time is two nights. Reservations are essential on all longd istance train services.

Urban transport services are good and there are suburban rail networks in the state capitals; Melbourne and Adelaide also have tram systems. Taxis are widely available and are metered.

Travel health: 

Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include dengue fever (Queensland), Japanese encephalitis and Ross River virus (Western Australia).

There were 6,381,000 tourist arrivals in 2013.