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Research: Strengthening Disaster Resilience in Small States

Strengthening Disaster Resilience in Small States: Commonwealth Perspectives

A new publication offers timely and expert analysis of differentiated exposure of small states to natural disasters, including an examination of specific interventions for strengthening small states' resilience to this phenomenon.

Exploring cutting-edge disaster risk reduction techniques useful for informing small states' economic and disaster risk management policies, the book aims to collate and share important lessons with member governments, and galvanise international efforts to reduce the impact of natural disasters.

It highlights transformative perspectives drawn from expert discussions and analyses of a select number of topics, including, environmental governance, information and communication technologies (ICT), capacity-building, data collection, gender and blockchain.

Some key findings:

  • The use of freely available data in conjunction with open source GIS software, enables the mapping, visualisation and communication of critical infrastructure and building locations, both formal and informal, in low-lying coastal areas that might be prone to coastal flooding.
  • A focus on climate information complements initiatives linking finance and investment, developing technology, improving infrastructure, and promoting environmental governance.
  • Use of blockchain in parametric insurance can overcome efficiency and transparency gaps, and hence can scale up insurance penetration, especially in developing countries.
  • The low levels of completion of data in the SDGs, and the weak response in the early reports from the Sendai Framework database calls for more explicit estimates of the long-term economic and social impact of disasters.
  • When women and men are better aware of how their lives are impacted differently and similarly by disasters, the conscious and unconscious ways in which their gender roles and identity influence their decisions and actions before, during and after a disaster, generally, there is greater ownership in reducing risks and building resilience.

 Strengthening Disaster Resilience in Small States