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Commonwealth Governance and Accountability Toolkits

Each of the following toolkits is based on international best practice in general and best practice in Commonwealth countries in particular.



Civil and Criminal Justice Reform

The Commonwealth Office of Civil and Criminal Justice Reform (OCCJR) supports Commonwealth countries in delivering access to justice and sustainable development through the creation of fair and effective national laws.

The Office makes available good legislation practice from across the Commonwealth through model laws, standards, templates, legal insight, and legal networks. It delivers technical assistance to member countries based on these resources.

Performance Management and Accountability

Converting strategic objectives of a government into demonstrable and quantifiable results. It creates Performance Agreements and Public Service Agreements that hold each government agency accountable for results.

Monitoring and Evaluation

‘Evaluation’ deals with the final results and ‘monitoring’ with the journey towards those results. This toolkit helps policy makers ensure that the government departments and agencies on track towards achieving results.

Strategy Development and Implementation

Most governments have a clear idea where they want to go. They are elected because the electorate shares their vision. However, there are several paths to the final destination articulated as vision. This toolkit helps governments convert their vision into viable, practical and quantifiable (measurable) strategies.

The Commonwealth has developed a related toolkit to ensure integration of SDGs into national development strategies and ensuring clear accountabilities for implementation      

Risk Management

Risk is the effect of uncertainty on the potential to achieve objectives. This toolkit provides governments a systematic process to provide information on possible undesirable consequences through quantification of the probabilities and expected impacts for identified risks.

Citizen/Client Charter

Research has shown that achieving results is a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition for improving government perception. For improving perception of a government’s performance, it is important to improve the interface between citizens and government departments. This toolkit operationalises the best practice in this area and makes it easy for any government to implement CCC.

Public Grievance Redress and Management

This toolkit is an essential element of a strategy to improve quality of government interface with citizens and clients. While it is linked to it, it scope is larger and covers all sorts of grievances citizens have.

Implementing ISO 9001 in Government Departments    

ISO 9001 is a quality management system that can assure leaders that the internal processes in the government are well documented and are being reviewed and improved continuously. This toolkit allows governments to implement ISO 9001 without spending huge amount of money on consultants.

Implementing Performance Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS) in Government

Holding governments accountable for delivering on promises and incentivising government employees appropriately is a fundamental requirement of good governance. This requirement can be met through a performance-related incentive scheme. This toolkit captures the essence of designing an effective PRIS.


This toolkit captures the state-of-the-art performance management systems that use 4th generation platforms to deliver government services. This includes toolkit for E-Office and various Mobile Applications in Government.

Creating an Innovation Ecosystem

Innovation is defined as the implementation of a significant change in the way the Government operates or in the products and services it provides. This toolkit provides guidance to departments / ministries for preparing an Innovation Action Plan for encouraging innovation in their respective ministries / departments.

Knowledge Management

One of the most valuable resources for governments is the explicit and implicit knowledge within the government. Yet, this asset (factor of production) is least used by most governments. Today, however, modern governments are judged by the quality of their knowledge management systems.

Corruption Mitigation

The break-down of ethics in government leads to corruption. This toolkit deals with corruption within government departments in a practical and realistic manner. Like other toolkits, they are all an integral part of any effective governance and accountability strategy.

Debt Data Quality and Assessment Methodology

Debt Data Quality Assessment Methodology (Debt-DQAM) is a comprehensive system used to assess the quality of data recorded in debt management systems through a set of standardized performance indicators. It covers the components of debt instruments over their entire life cycle. It thus offers a structured approach to data validation which ultimately enhances the quality of debt reporting.

Debt Management Tools

This toolkit provides tools that can be used by governments to undertake portfolio reviews, an activity critical to determine the opportunities for debt portfolio improvement, identifying potential risks in the portfolio and taking corrective action.  Generating key debt ratios, financial indicators for evaluating different borrowing offers to assess the implications of future borrowing and determine long-term debt sustainability

Debt Restructuring

A tool used by governments to implement any debt restructuring and re-organization of their debt portfolio as agreed with their counterparties. The tool includes the methodology for implementing Paris Club restructuring arrangements.

Debt Reporting

A collection of debt reporting templates based on international recognized debt compilation and dissemination standards. The templates are used by governments to report to international organization like World Bank, IMF etc.

Interactive Graphical Dashboard

A business intelligence toolkit designed to support debt managers’ decision making.

Toolkit for Mitigating Domestic Violence

A tool to be used as a guide/checklist in the decision making process on appropriate levels of intervention for victims of domestic violence.

Assessment of the Economic Costs of Violence Against Women and Girls

This toolkit provides a comprehensive framework to estimate economic costs of violence against women and girls (VAWG) for micro-meso level or for a ‘typical’ case of VAWG.

Commonwealth Toolkit for Advancing Development through Sport

This is a toolkit /guide for governments and stakeholders seeking to strengthen the contribution of sport to development and peace work. Part 1 provides evidence-based analysis of the potential contribution of sport to development objectives. Part 2 provides a practical framework for analysis, planning and monitoring of sport in development and peace work.

Improving National Policies and Strategies for strengthening Sport for Development and Peace

Sport for Development and Peace (SDP) brings the power of sport to solving some of the most difficult challenges of humankind, such as the realisation of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals. This collection of papers showcases innovative approaches and examples of effective SDP policies and strategies.

Enhancing the Contribution of Sport to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

This toolkit /guide builds on the work of previous Commonwealth publications analysing the role of sport in achieving sustainable development. Aimed at governmental policy-makers and other stakeholders, it provides evidenced and balanced policy options supporting the effective contribution of sport towards six prioritised Sustainable Development Goals.

Sport for Development and Peace Youth Advocacy

The SDP Advocacy toolkit will provide you with the necessary skills to make the case for the use of sport to drive meaningful and sustainable change in your community. I hope you will use it to amplify your voice as you champion the power of young people and the power of sport.

Protecting the Integrity of Sport

This Policy Guidance to Commonwealth Governments on Protecting the Integrity of Sport is the result of CABOS work in response to this request, supported by the Commonwealth Secretariat. It is intended to support member governments to take practical steps within their own countries to protect the integrity of sport. The Guidance includes simple principles under each area, which, if adopted, should provide each Minister with a basic framework for focusing their government’s efforts.

Commonwealth Education Policy Framework

The CEPF toolkit is explicitly a framework. It offers a series of thinking tools for considering what makes sense in specific national contexts. Additionally, the document is supported by guidelines on systems capacity, governance, partnerships and financing, that can assist in the education policymaking process. It presents a view of how a Commonwealth perspective, embedded in Commonwealth values and supported by Commonwealth collaboration, can enrich other international and national policy processes.

Developing curriculum framework for enabling the sustainable development goals (SDGs)

This framework will serve as a guide for countries to review or develop their national curriculum and ensure that education is integral to any strategy to create a resilient generation who will advocate for action and the attainment of the SDG's in a holistic and integrated manner.

Developing Standards Framework for Teachers and School Leaders

The main purpose of the proposed standards framework is to guide countries in defining the basic  requirements related to knowledge, pedagogical skills and personal attributes that teachers and  school leaders must demonstrate in order to achieve the objectives of education.

Strengthening health system and enhancing health security

The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a comprehensive and practical resource for policy makers and planners responsible for strengthening regional, subnational, national and global health protection as part of an overall health system

Youth-led Accountability for the SDGs. A Guide to National Action

This toolkit looks at how youth-led accountability can be implemented and operationalised across the Commonwealth context. For a full methodology, theoretical framework of this report, and recommendations focused on action at the global level, please see the “Follow-Up and Review: How to Scale Up Ambition on Youth-Led Accountability for SDGs” report in full.

Policy Guide on Youth Entrepreneurship

In response to the challenges of high youth unemployment this toolkit facilitates the development of a Youth Entrepreneurship. It is designed to support countries to develop effective policies that will unleash the potential of youth entrepreneurship. While it is primarily intended as a resource tool for use by policy-makers, the guide is also relevant for decision-makers in intergovernmental and international organizations as well as NGOs and development agencies involved in youth entrepreneurship.

Commonwealth Youth Development Index: National and Regional Toolkit

This toolkit provides an opportunity for building local, national or regional youth development indexes (YDI’s), which can be enriched with additional relevant and available subnational data. It is statistical and normative guide for national statistical offices, civil society and independent researchers to provide key conceptual and definitional guidelines based on common framework

Youth Mainstreaming in Development Planning -Transforming Young Lives

This toolkit supports youth mainstreaming (YM) initiatives and fill a noted gap in the sector on this topic. It comes in three parts, Part I: Concepts and Discussions, which facilitates preplanning dialogue and discussion, Part 2: Implementation, which provides practical guidance and tools for implementing YM, including short case studies, and Part 3: Full Case Studies, which provides more detailed examples of YM within sectors.

Besides this, the tools and discussions put forward a vision, and stimulate us to examine our own views and practices around justice, equality and participation, and bringing young people, along with other marginalised social cohorts, to the forefront in development planning.

Establishing a Professional Youth Workers Association – A 12 Step Guide and More

This toolkit is based on Brian Belton’s own work in youth work practice and academia, inputs from youth work stakeholders in Commonwealth Asia member states gathered through Youth Work Country Consultations, and inputs from other stakeholders in the youth services. The objectives of this toolkit is to support the emergence of democratic, responsive Professional Youth Workers’ Associations that could drive the professionalizing process across the Commonwealth, as well as ensure effective, rights-based youth service delivery in member countries.

Climate Change Legal Toolkit

This toolkit provides best practice guidance on climate adaption and mitigation law and its application. This is a partnership project between The Commonwealth, UNFCCC and UNEP. It aims to provide a definitive global resource on climate change law across member countries

Surveillance, monitoring and technical capacity building

The main aim of this toolkit is to improve access to data and surveillance tools for Commonwealth Countries most at risk from climate change. And increase technical capacity for successful end user uptake across these nations. Many of the Nations least responsible for climate change, but most at risk from it are operating in reduced data environments. This programme will produce an online Platform Toolkit, which will assist countries to access more data.

Climate Resilience and Building Back Better

Preparing a toolkit on climate resilience and building back better following extreme weather events. This work will particularly capture best practice on disaster risk relief, infrastructure resilience and emergency response.

Tertiary Global Citizenship Education (GCED) Module

GCED module and accompanying instructor training toolkit developed by the education team under Faith in the Commonwealth project enables tertiary education institutions in the Commonwealth to offer a 2-week intensive or spread across a longer period (e.g. 1 day a week for 10 weeks) Global Citizenship Education module.  The toolkit offers the flexibility to allow for learning materials, content, discussions, exercises, etc. to be adaptable to local context in a given country or region.

Youth Training of Trainers (ToT) Toolkit

Adapting the youth peer educators approach to empower their peers to act as responsible global citizen, under Faith in the Commonwealth project, education team has developed Youth ToT toolkit to translate global citizenship education into youth-led action.  The toolkit equips young leaders with the capacity and tools to share their knowledge with other young people and engage community leaders to integrate global citizenship thinking and strengthen their peacebuilding work, particularly with a focus on facilitating positive dialogue and social cohesion.

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Self-Assessment

The TVET toolkit provides a means for users to explore in detail six identified features of an effective TVET system: governance; employer engagement; occupational standards; qualifications framework; quality institutions; and delivery and assessment.  The toolkit is accompanied by a participant’s manual, facilitator guide and short video clips.  Through a facilitated workshop format, participants utilizing these resources will have the opportunity to assess how their TVET Systems perform against the six features and allocated nominal rankings against each of them.

Design and Drafting of National Ocean Policy

Purpose is to provide guidance in the design and drafting of national ocean policies. It seeks to distil generalities likely relevant for member countries considering drafting a national ocean policy. The ordering of elements is meant to support the flow of the policy, but like the elements themselves, is advisory only, and can be modified to suit the particular circumstances of the member country.

Drafting laws for sponsorship of deep sea mining in areas beyond national jurisdiction

(Pending) A ‘model’ ISA sponsorship law.