Passports must be valid for at least six months from the date of arrival. Visas are required by most Commonwealth nationals. If you are travelling on from Zambia, some countries will require you to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate (see Travel Health below).
Traffic drives on the left. Visitors wishing to drive will need an international driving permit. It is illegal to drink and drive or to use a mobile phone while driving. Chauffeur-driven cars are also available for hire.
Scheduled flights fly between the main centres. There are three main railway lines affording services between Lusaka and Livingstone, Lusaka and the Copperbelt, and Kapiri Mposhi and the northern border with United Republic of Tanzania. Taxis are widely available in urban areas but are not metered and fares should be agreed in advance.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include cholera, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, rabies, schistosomiasis (bilharzia) and typhoid. Vaccination against yellow fever is not generally recommended by the World Health Organization.
There were 859,000 tourist arrivals in 2012.