Passports must be valid for at least six months from the date of arrival. Visas are required by all Commonwealth nationals. If you are travelling on from United Republic of Tanzania, some countries will require you to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate (see Travel Health below). Prohibited imports include some fresh food, plants and seeds (except with the relevant health certificate).
Traffic drives on the left. Visitors wishing to drive will need an international driving permit.
Scheduled flights fly to main towns and to Zanzibar. Some intercity buses are modern, with air-conditioning, toilets and refreshments. Taxis cannot be hailed in the street but are none the less widely available in urban areas. They do not have meters, so fares should be agreed before starting out. It is also possible to hire a chauffeur- driven car.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include cholera, dengue fever, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, rabies, schistosomiasis (bilharzia) and typhoid. Vaccination against yellow fever is not generally recommended by the World Health Organization.
There were 1,043,000 tourist arrivals in 2012.