Passports must be valid for at least six months from the date of arrival. Visas are required by all Commonwealth nationals. Prohibited imports include some fresh food, plants and plant material, and tea.
Traffic drives on the left. Visitors wishing to drive will need an international driving permit. Trains connect Colombo to most other towns; air-conditioned carriages are available on some services and express services operate on a few lines, for example Colombo-Kandy.
Taxis have yellow tops and red and white number plates. Most are metered but visitors should always agree the fare before travel. Chauffeurdriven cars are also available and motorised rickshaws are plentiful.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include dengue fever, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, rabies and typhoid.
There were 1,275,000 tourist arrivals in 2013.