Passports must be valid for at least 30 days from the date of departure. Visas are required by most Commonwealth nationals. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers aged over 9 months arriving from the countries where the World Health Organization (WHO) recognises a risk of yellow fever transmission and from certain other African countries listed by the South African authorities where vaccination is not generally recommended by the WHO, including United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. Restricted imports include plants and plant products – including honey, margarine, seeds and vegetable oils – and animals and animal products – dairy products and eggs.
Traffic drives on the left. Visitors can drive with a foreign driving licence if it is in English. The road network is mostly paved. Seatbelts are mandatory.
South Africa has a comprehensive transport network including air, train and bus services. There are luxury trains that run between Cape Town and Pretoria. Taxis are widely available in the main towns.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include cholera, dengue fever, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, rabies, schistosomiasis (bilharzia) and typhoid.
There were 9,510,000 tourist arrivals in 2013.