Passports must be valid at least until the date of departure. Visas are required by most Commonwealth nationals. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers aged over 12 months. Prohibited imports include animals and fresh food coming from countries which the Rwandan authorities have listed as posing a health risk.
Traffic drives on the right. An international driving licence is required to drive in Rwanda. Roads between Kigali and major towns are paved, though landslides can occur in the rains.
Planes are available for charter. Taxis are available in the larger towns. Fares should be agreed in advance and tipping is not usual.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include hepatitis A, malaria, schistosomiasis (bilharzia), typhoid and yellow fever. The World Health Organization has recommended vaccination against yellow fever.
There were 815,000 tourist arrivals in 2012.