Passports must be valid for at least six months from the date of departure. Visas are required by all Commonwealth nationals. If you are travelling on from Nigeria, many countries will require you to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate (see Travel Health below). Prohibited imports include fruit, vegetables, cereals and eggs; beer, mineral water, soft drinks and sparkling wine; and jewellery and textiles, including mosquito netting.
Traffic drives on the right. To hire a car an international driving permit is required, together with two passport-size photos.
Scheduled flights link the main towns. Trains are generally slow. Daily services run on the two main lines, between Lagos and Kano and Port Harcourt and Maiduguri. Sleeping cars are available but must be booked in advance.
Prevalent diseases where appropriate precautionary measures are recommended include cholera, dengue fever, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, meningococcal meningitis, polio, rabies, schistosomiasis (bilharzia), typhoid and yellow fever. The World Health Organization has recommended vaccination against yellow fever.
There were 715,000 tourist arrivals in 2011.