Grenada : Society

Society

Population density (per sq. km): 
307
Life expectancy: 
73 years
Primary enrolment: 
87% (2009)
Population: 

106,000 (2013); 36 per cent of people live in urban areas; growth 0.4 per cent p.a. 1990–2013, depressed over this period by emigration; birth rate 19 per 1,000 people (28 in 1970); life expectancy 73 years (64 in 1970).

Most of the population is of African (82 per cent in 1991 census) or mixed African/European descent (13 per cent). The remainder is made up of small European and Asian groups.

Language: 

English is spoken by almost everyone. A French-based Creole is also spoken.

Religion: 

According to the most recent census available (2001) the population is made up of mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 45 per cent, Anglicans 14 per cent, Seventh Day Adventists, Methodists).

Health: 

Public spending on health was three per cent of GDP in 2012. There are three hospitals: General Hospital (St George’s), Princess Alice Hospital (St Andrew’s) and Princess Royal Hospital (Carriacou). There are homes for handicapped children and geriatric patients. Health centres and district medical stations undertake maternity and child welfare work under the charge of a nurse/midwife. Government hospitals and clinics provide free medical and dental treatment. There is a piped-water supply to all the towns and to many of the villages. Infant mortality was 11 per 1,000 live births in 2013.

Education: 

There are 12 years of compulsory education starting at the age of five. Primary school comprises seven years and secondary five. The school year starts in September.

Tertiary education centres on the T. A. Marryshow Community College, which hosts an open campus of the regional University of the West Indies. T. A. Marryshow Community College was established in 1988 when Grenada National College merged with several other tertiary institutions including Grenada Teachers College, Grenada Technical and Vocational Institute, and Institute for Further Education. The University of the West Indies has its main campuses in Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. St George’s University – founded in 1977 – is an offshore American university specialising in medicine. The female–male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 1.40:1 (2009).

Media: 

There are no daily newspapers, but The Grenada Guardian (Grenada United Labour Party), Grenada Informer, The Grenada Times and The Grenadian Voice are weeklies; all in English.

A public–private partnership, the Grenada Broadcasting Network, provides radio and television stations. MTV is privately owned and there are several privately-owned radio stations.

Communications: 

Country code 1 473; internet domain ‘.gd’. Coin- and card-operated payphones are widely available. There are internet cafés in St George’s. The main post office is in St George’s.

For every 1,000 people there are 270 landlines, 1,256 mobile phone subscriptions and 350 internet users (2013).

Public holidays: 

New Year’s Day, Independence Day (7 February), Labour Day (1 May), Emancipation Day (first Monday in August), Carnival (second Monday and Tuesday in August), Thanksgiving Day (25 October), Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

Religious festivals whose dates vary from year to year include Good Friday, Easter Monday, Whit Monday and Corpus Christi.