The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (CMAG) deals with serious or persistent violations of the Harare Declaration, which contains The Commonwealth's fundamental political values. It was established by Commonwealth Heads of Government in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1995.
CMAG's task is to assess the nature of infringements and recommend measures for collective Commonwealth action aimed at speedy restoration of democracy and constitutional rule.
The Group is convened by the Commonwealth Secretary-General and made up of a representative of the Commonwealth’s Chairperson-in-Office and a rotating group of foreign ministers from eight countries. It is reconstituted at every Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. Ministers generally serve two terms. CMAG's composition, terms of reference and operation is decided and reviewed every two years.