Supporting Families in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE)
When someone becomes radicalised and behaves in an ‘extreme’ way, this does not only affect the person, but also their family, friends, wider social circle and society. Families, youngsters and children are confronted with recruitment by terrorist/Violent Extremist groups. Today’s reality is one in which radicalisation is not uncommon as a phenomenon. For vulnerable individuals and their social environment, current prevention challenges are:
Women and P/CVE (Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism)
Women can play critical roles in developing responses to violence and terrorism, and challenging and delegitimizing extremist narratives. Women can be powerful agents of change, and can even play a crucial role both in detecting early signs of radicalization and intervening before individuals become violent. Understanding these varied roles of women is critical to developing more nuanced and targeted efforts to counter violent extremism and prevent terrorism. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 notes, women are disproportionately affected by violence during conflict, and have in many places played important roles in efforts to prevent and mitigate conflict and violence, and rebuild the resilience of affected communities.
Counter Narratives for Countering Violent Extremism
Extremists and violent extremists have always sought to use compelling messages and narratives as a means of attracting followers to their cause. In the modern age it follows that the internet and social media represent a significant and easy to use medium to inspire, radicalise and recruit young people. It is apparent that if Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) is to be effective, there must be greater focus and resources made available to the development of effective counter narratives, both online and offline. It must be noted that Counter Narrative Programmes are time and resource intensive and require committed action.
Countering Violent Extremism in Prisons
As the threat of violent extremism (VE) has grown – prevention and counter strategies have focussed on limiting space and opportunity for VE recruiters to work. A key element to such strategies is understanding the radicalisation process and the conditions and drivers that facilitate people becoming violent extremists. Venues for radicalisation are many and varied – in person, online, in schools and places of worship. Prisons may provide a unique “safe haven” where extremists can network, compare and exchange tactics, recruit and radicalise new members. Prisons may also provide a unique opportunity for authorities, drawing on global best practice, to counter the efforts of violent extremists to radicalise and recruit new members.